Within a few weeks after Robert E. Lee drove away the Federals who had besieged Richmond in 1862, he extended his theater of operations northward. Stonewall Jackson, the hero of the Shenandoah Valley but an enigmatic failure around Richmond, moved his half of the army into Orange County to counter the emerging new threat posed by John Pope...

Following his crushing defeat of John Pope’s hapless Army of Virginia at the Battle of Second Bull Run, Robert E. Lee elected to take his Army of Northern Virginia northward across the Potomac River in an effort to bring the ravages of war to Northern territory. In early September 1862, the Confederates began their invasion of Maryland, opening it with a complex operation to remove the...

The Civil War left an enduring legacy in Alabama where ideologies ranged from fiery secessionism to ardent Unionism. The first capital of the Confederacy was located in Montgomery. Union supporters in Winston County threatened to secede from the state. Selma saw the late-war Battle of Ebenezer Church, and its arsenal manufactured most of the Confederacy’s ammunition. After the Civil War...

As July of 1864 faded into history, Confederate Gen Jubal Early's campaign in the Shenandoah Valley had reached its pinnacle. Early had marched to the gates of Washington and won a resounding battlefield victory at Monocacy, and then headed northwest and burned Chambersburg, PA. Early's operations forced U. S. Grant to detach 30,000 troops from his operations at Petersburg to deal with...

The early days of sectional conflict in the northern areas of the Shenandoah Valley present a compelling scenario of cause and effect not readily identifiable in the days of full-blown Civil warfare that followed. And they brought plenty of drama too. After a Friday evening dinner and two short introductory talks - by Brandon Beck and Stephen Lee...

As the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg dawned, General Robert E. Lee’s plan was for Longstreet’s First Corps, reinforced by the fresh infantry division of Major General George E. Pickett, to assault the Union left, while Ewell’s Second Corps assailed the Federal right flank at Culp’s Hill. Major General James E. B. Stuart’s cavalry would support the...

After abandoning Atlanta on September 1, 1864, John Bell Hood and his Army of Tennessee, reduced to about 35,000 men, launched a bold plan to lure the Federal forces led by William T. Sherman away from Atlanta. Thus began a series of fateful steps that would lead to the destruction of the proud Army of Tennessee. The plan was to dash across Alabama into Tennessee, regain Nashville, and then...

Shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln assembled his civil and military leaders to discuss strategy for opening the Mississippi River and for ending what he termed a “rebellion” in the Southern states. “See what a lot of land these fellows hold,” he said, “of which Vicksburg is the key. Let us get Vicksburg and all...

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IN MEMORIAM - DAVID E. LONG

David Ellison Long, a retired professor of history at East Carolina University, and a long-time faculty member of Civil War Education Association (CWEA), passed away on May 17, 2014. He was 66 years old.

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